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Foundation of the Submarine School Foundation of the Submarine School On March 1, 1939

Foundation of the Submarine School

Foundation of the Submarine School

On March 1, 1939

Foundation of the Submarine School

. Miguel Grau Seminario ingresa a la Marina de Guerra con el grado de Guardíamarina 14 marzo 1854

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Miguel Grau Seminario ingresa a la Marina de Guerra con el grado de Guardíamarina

14 marzo 1854

Miguel Grau Seminario ingresa a la Marina de Guerra con el grado de Guardíamarina

Rupture  Rupture of the Arica Blockade On March 17, 1880

Rupture

Rupture of the Arica Blockade

On March 17, 1880

"Sir, during the ten months that I have done the campaign in the transport chalaco, I have successfully carried out important commissions and ... I have gone well. Now that I command a better ship, I do not hesitate to tell V.E. that I will enter the port on the Blocking Squad ... From the return I can not answer; but I will do my duty. "

(Answer given by Captain Manuel Villavisencio to the Peruvian dictator, Nicolás de Piérola, quoted in Vegas García: 1978, 246).

The last quarter of 1879 was a period of crisis both military and political for our country, on October 8 and November 17 we had lost the monitor "Huáscar" and the gunboat "Pilcomayo" respectively, ships that passed to form the Chilean squadron that, the following year (1880), carried out the blockade of the port of Arica.

On December 18 and 24, President Mariano Ignacio Prado's trip to Europe and the recognition as the supreme leader of the republic to Nicolás de Piérola's had also taken place.

Despite these losses and the political instability experienced, our Navy continued to deploy operations that consisted of transporting war supplies and troops to the main ports of the south.

Faced with this difficult situation, on February 27, Arica's first battle, which was fortified with artillery in El Morro, was held in the port by the monitor "Manco Cápac", commanded by Cdr. José Sánchez Lagomarsino, who ordered the shelling of the blocking vessels, monitor "Huáscar" and corvette "Magallanes". After this action of arms, arrived to that port the transport "Angamos", the frigate "Blanco Encalada" and the armored "Cochrane" to continue with the bombing.

This situation demanded a response from the Peruvian government. Piérola, then, ordered the Cpt. Manuel Villavisencio to embark on the corvette "Union" and head towards Arica with the objective of breaking the blockade and thus be able to make the aid reach the armies of Tacna and Arica that were defending said city under the command by Rear Admiral Lizardo Montero.

Thus, on March 12, 1880, Villavisencio aboard the "Union" sailed from Callao accompanied by the transport "Talismán", and at dawn on the 17th penetrated the port of Arica, mocking the Chilean monitor "Huáscar" He was surprised to see her in the bay. After the astonishment, the commander of this ship, the Cdr. Carlos Condell, who replaced the commander Thompson, gave the order to attack.

Our corvette "Union" despite the attacks it received from the "Huáscar", the "Amazon" and the armored "Cochrane", which had arrived at 9.30 am, continued to disembark their cargo, being protected by the monitor "Manco Cápac " and the Morro batteries.

After this confrontation, the armored "Cochrane" retired from the fire zone and called a meeting to the other two ships that accompanied it, a meeting that lasted until 5.30 pm, time that was used by our corvette, guarded by the "Manco Cápac", to leave the bay successfully towards Callao, after having fulfilled his reckless mission.