THE CURRENT PERUVIAN NAVY
During the decade of the '60s, it was the concern of the naval high command to equip the naval forces with new units, and to begin to replace those that by their obsolescence were discharged, as the case of the old frigates Ferré and Palacios Withdrawals in 1966.
After the studies by the General Staff and the respective efforts by the naval commissioners in Europe, between 1968 and 1969 the purchase of two British destroyers of the Daring class, the Diana and the Decoy, renamed Palacios and Ferré respectively, Which were in excellent state of operation. The Peruvian naval high command considered to submit both ships to a modernization process, and successfully included in its new weapons system the installation of surface-to-surface missiles, a new and effective weapon that had made its debut during the Arab War -Israeli of 1967, when an Egyptian missile launcher of Soviet origin sank the Israeli destroyer Eliath. With this decision, the French manufacturers of a new type of missile, the Exocet, which was still in the test phase, were carried out in order to install them aboard the new destroyers. In this way they underwent a complete modernization in British shipyards. After their modernization, both ships arrived in Callao in 1973, constituting themselves as the first ships in the region to possess surface-to-surface missiles.
That same year, the Dutch cruiser De Ruyter was acquired, that baptized like Admiral Grau happened to be the new flagship of the Squadron and the old Grau happened to denominate Captain Quiñones.
Continuing with the naval procurement plan, in 1973, a contract was signed with the Italian shipyard Cantieri Navali Riuniti for the construction of four Lupo missile frigates, two of them in Italian shipyards and the other two with technical assistance in the Shipyards of the SIMA, in Callao. The first one, La Carvajal was incorporated into the service in 1978, and the following year it was Villavicencio. The frigates built in Callao were the Montero, delivered in 1984, and the Mariátegui, in 1986.
In addition, in 1976, another cruise ship, the De Zeven Provincien, was acquired in Holland, which renamed Aguirre underwent a conversion process to helicopter carriers, capable of operating three Sea King helicopters armed with Exocet AM-39 air-surface missiles or Torpedoes for antisubmarine warfare. This new cruise made its arrival in Callao in May of 1978 accompanied by the destroyer García y García, also acquired in Holland. Between 1979 and 1983 were added seven other antisubmarine destroyers of the same origin: Villar, Quiñones, Gálvez, Diez Canseco, Castile, Bolognesi, and Guise.
Another addition to the squadron was the Tiburón project, which consisted of the construction in French yards of six missile corvettes of the type PR-72P, which under the names of Velarde, Santillana, De los Heros, Herrera, Larrea and Sánchez Carrión, were built Between 1978 and 1981. On the other hand, the cruise ship Almirante Grau was modernized in Holland between 1985 and 1988 being equipped with new systems of combat and surface-to-surface missiles Otomat.
The renewal and increase of naval forces not only occurred with surface units, but also extended to the other forces. Between 1974 and 1984 six submarines of class 209 were built in Germany, which were incorporated under the names of Islay, Arica, Pisagua, Chipana, Casma and Antofagasta. Also, in 1975 two oceanic submarines of the type Guppy IA, renamed Pacocha and La Pedrera, were acquired in the United States.
The Air Force Service included Tracker S-2F antisubmarine aircraft, Fokker F-27MP marine exploration, AB-212 antisubmarine helicopters and Sea King helicopters in antisubmarine and antisurface version. The Marine Corps also received new equipment, including a Portuguese-made Chaimite reconnaissance vehicle company, also acquiring greater capabilities for amphibious reconnaissance and airborne operations.
Finally, in 1969 the School of Underwater Demolition was created, which would be the basis of the current Special Operations Force.
The Navy in the last thirty years has had to face great challenges and difficulties. It participated actively in two international conflicts with Ecuador (1981 and 1995), covering as it was of the case the maritime flank and the fluvial flank. In the same context, several members actively participated in the negotiation process that followed each of these conflicts.
On the other hand, he had to lament the loss of several of its members as a result of the submarine sinking Pacocha in Callao waters, on August 26, 1988, after being collided by a Japanese fishing boat. The heroic behavior of his commander, CDR Daniel Nieva, and of all his crew, was up to the circumstances. The subsequent refloating of the ship was a triumph of the Diving and Salvataje Service that helped to alleviate institutional regret for those losses.
At the beginning of a new century, the Peruvian Navy, was engaged in a process of institutional modernization with a view to being prepared to the challenges that the new world order demand of the country. Thus, within the general framework of restructuring and by virtue of an agreement signed between the governments of Peru and Italy, four Lupo-class missile frigates were acquired in order to ensure the maintenance of the naval balance in our region and protection of the territory And national sovereignty, as well as collaborate in the solution of contemporary international problems that have as scenery the sea.
In a first stage, the incorporation of this type of naval units to the Squadron of our Navy, materialized with the arrival of BAP Aguirre and BAP Palacios to the Port of Callao in 2005. These units have a displacement of 2,280 tons At full load and armament of great power like OTOMAT surface-to-surface missiles MK-2, surface-to-surface missiles Sea Sparrow in MK-29 eight-stroke and MK-32 triple-thrower.
Later, the last two frigates arrived in the country: the Bolognesi in August 2006 and the Quiñones in January 2007, units with capacity to carry out maritime patrols against criminal actions such as illegal fishing, drug trafficking and piracy. Its presence in the national territory allows our Navy to expand its participation with a greater number of naval units to assist in the maintenance of world peace at the request of the United Nations and in multinational operations.
It is demonstrated that the excellent operation of the Lupo-class missile frigates in the Sea of Grau and in international waters is due to the great professionalism of the Peruvian seaman and to the experience he has in conducting this type of naval units.
The acquisition of these Lupo-class missile frigates are the synthesis of the vision of the high Naval Command and the Peruvian Government that constitute a tribute to the Great Admiral Miguel Grau and the Marshal Ramón Castilla, who desired a Peruvian Navy with a powerful fleet in order to guarantee territorial integrity on the internal and external fronts.